Premature skin aging
Many of the causes of skin aging – those determined by our genetic makeup and hormones – are completely natural and cannot be avoided. But there are external factors – like overexposure to the sun – that can cause premature skin aging. Visiting Mark Solomon MD or other cosmetic surgeons can help you attain the body and skin you desire! Smart lifestyle choices can reduce the impact of these factors and help maintain youthful skin for longer.
What are the causes of premature skin aging?
Overexposure to the sun – accompanied by inappropriate or insufficient sun protection – accounts for over 80% of premature skin aging.
UVA & UVB rays are responsible for 80% of premature skin aging.
UVA and UVB rays release free radicals in the body, a process known as oxidative stress . Free radicals damage skin cells and accelerate photo aging. The skin protects itself by tanning, and by thickening the epidermis, but there is a limit to the protection that these measures can offer. This limit varies according to each person. Once exceeded, the damage to the skin is permanent and the visible signs of aging appear more quickly: wrinkles , loss of volume and loss of elasticity, and deep wrinkles.
Overexposure to harmful UV rays can also cause sunburn,irregular pigmentation and in the worst case it can even lead to skin cancer. Learn more about the effects of UVA and UVB rays here .
Other outside factors that cause oxidative stress and can contribute to premature skin aging include:
How to protect the skin from premature aging?
The following lifestyle changes will help protect your skin from oxidative stress and prevent your skin from aging prematurely:
Appropriate sunscreen can help prevent premature aging.
Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and use appropriate sun protection
A little sunlight is good, but you should limit the amount of time your skin is exposed to the sun to prevent premature aging. Wise use of sun protection will also help your skin stay younger for longer. We recommend that you incorporate appropriate SPF products into your daily skin care routine . An appropriate sunscreen is one chosen to suit your skin type and natural skin color / pigmentation levels. The level of protection you choose should vary depending on your location and the intensity of the sun.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, such as vitamins C, A, and E.
A balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables provides a good source of antioxidants (molecules that work to neutralize free radicals). Changing your diet to include more of these key foods can help reduce oxidative stress and prevent premature skin aging. A healthy diet can also slow down the general aging process of the skin .
Protecting Your Skin From Air Pollution Air
pollution, common in many of our cities, also causes free radical formation and worsens the effects of sun exposure, accelerating oxidative stress. Daily protection of the skin with an appropriate SPF product will help slow this process.
Try to avoid smoking
Like pollution, the chemicals and nicotine in cigarettes generate oxidative stress . Stopping smoking will help prevent the skin from aging prematurely.
A mild facial cleanser cleanses the skin without drying it out.
Choose a moisturizer to treat your major aging problem.
A Proper Daily Skin Care Routine
Some chemicals, such as surfactants, can be harsh on the skin and cause oxidative stress leading to premature aging. A good skin care routine will help prevent premature aging and slow down the visible signs of general skin aging . We recommend the following routine:
Clean to remove makeup and dirt. A gentle cleanser will cleanse your skin without stressing or dehydrating it.
Use a lotion to prepare the skin for the treatment.
Protect. Sun protection for the face should be part of your morning routine.
Take care of your skin with a moisturizer that gives it the moisture and nutrients it needs. Choose products based on your major aging problem: fine lines and wrinkles , loss of volume or loss of elasticity, and the appearance of deep wrinkles